Axillobifemoral Bypass: A Brief Surgical and Historical Review

Priti L Mishall, Jason D. Matakas, Keara English, Katherine Allyn, Diane Algava, Ruth A. Howe, Sherry A. Downie


Peripheral artery disease (PAD) occurs when plaque accumulates in the arterial system and obstructs blood flow. Narrowing of the abdominal aorta and the common iliac arteries due to atherosclerotic plaques restricts blood supply to the lower limbs. Clinically, the lower limb symptoms of PAD are intermittent claudication, discoloration of the toes, and skin ulcers, all due to arterial insufficiency.

Surgical revascularization is the primary mode of treatment for patients with severe limb ischemia. The objective of the surgical procedure is to bypass a blockage in an occluded major vessel by constructing an alternate route for blood flow using an artificial graft. This article presents information on aortoiliac reconstruction, with an emphasis on axillobifemoral bypass grafting. 


Axillobifemoral Bypass; Bypass; Axillobifemoral; Surgery; Peripheral Artery Disease; PAD

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